Chiropractic is a hands-on method of improving the spine, posture and coordination of the body. It was founded in the 1890s by American Daniel David Palmer.
Chiropractic is based on the principal that structural spinal misalignments, called subluxations, affect the surrounding musculature and neurological output of the spinal levels. This causes back pain, neck pain and other health issues.
Chiropractors use various techniques to correct the misalignments. These range from very gentle manoeuvres on the spine to manual manipulation. It is often accompanied with soft tissue methods, such as trigger point therapy and massage, dry-needling and pelvic adjustments.
The hands-on treatment is accompanied by a rehabilitation programme to ensure the structural changes are sustained.
In the UK, training to become a chiropractor takes five years of full-time study. All chiropractors must be registered with the General Chiropractic Council, which governs the profession to ensure all patients receive the highest standard of care.